Sudan OCHA bulletin 8: Displaced Darfuris seek shelter in Jebel Marra’s Rokoro
About 11,500 newly displaced people arrived in and around Rokoro town in northern Jebel Marra during the past two weeks. The ongoing fuel shortages in Sudan are slowing down humanitarian operations in the country. The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) allocated $20 million to 45 projects in Darfur, West Kordofan, Abyei, and Kassala. More than 1,600 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan in the first two weeks of April. New cases of ‘acute watery diarrhoea’ were reported in Central Darfur.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Sudan reported in its latest bi-weekly bulletin that at least 2,280 newly displaced households (about 11,500 people) arrived in Rokoro town and nearby Jemeiza village after 18 April, following fighting between armed nomads and sedentary farmer tribes.
A joint inter-agency team that visited the area was informed that many of the homes of the displaced had been burnt. Other people have been allegedly displaced into the mountains.
Emergency shelter, non-food items, food and access to water and sanitation services are the priority needs of these newly displaced, according to the team’s preliminary findings.
There are no food supplies in the local market. The World Food Programme (WFP) sent food supplies to Rokoro on 29 April and initial food distribution for the new displaced was scheduled for 30 April.
Fuel shortages slow humanitarian assistance
Ongoing nation-wide fuel shortages in Sudan are slowing down humanitarian operations in the country. The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) reported in its latest update on South Sudanese refugee response that the fuel crisis worsened at the end of March, slowing down humanitarian assistance at refugee locations.
In South Kordofan, some INGOs are not able to access their pre-positioned fuel stocks stored at fuelling stations in the state capital, Kadugli. They are only allowed to receive a limited amount of fuel, not considered enough for their operations. The UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) has agreed to supply fuel to all UN agencies based in South Kordofan.
Fuel shortages are likely to affect various aspects of humanitarian operations across Sudan. For instance, lack of diesel for generators and water pumps will impact the cold chain for vaccines and could lead to shortages of water for drinking, livestock and agriculture, which will eventually impact food security.
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said in its Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture for April-June 2018 that the scarcity of fuel and subsequent increase in production costs could threaten the 2018-2019 agricultural season. This will further impact the availability and price of food, and increase rural-to-urban movement in search of employment, FAO said.
In its latest update FEWS NET reports that food prices are likely to continue increasing more rapidly than usual from April through September 2018 – caused by the high transportation costs resulting from severe fuel shortages during March and April.
SHF allocates $20 million to 45 projects
The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) allocated about $20 million to 45 projects implemented by 30 partner organisations to respond to the prioritised education, health, livelihood, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, and protection needs of displaced people, refugees and vulnerable host communities in Darfu, West Kordofan, Abyei, and Kassala.
In line with the commitments of the World Humanitarian Summit, most of the funding was allocated to NGOs. Of the total amount, 75 per cent of the funding was allocated to INGOs, 10 per cent to Sudanese NGOs, and 15 per cent to UN agencies.
Ongoing steady rate of South Sudanese refugee arrivals
According to the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), more than 1,600 South Sudanese newly arrived in Sudan in the first two weeks of April – bringing the total number of South Sudanese refugees in the country to about 771,900.
While this is a slower rate than observed in 2017, the flows continue to be steady, OCHA states.
AWD cases reported only in Central Darfur during March
Between 1 March and 3 April, 151 cases of ‘acute watery diarrhoea’ were reported in Central Darfur. The total number of new patients reported from Central Darfur from February to March is 468, with almost all cases reported from 63 inaccessible villages in western Jebel Marra.
After assessing the situation in all 18 states, 17 localities from nine states have been identified for an Oral Cholera Vaccination campaign, targeting refugees and host communities. Vaccination will be carried out during 2018-2019. the OCHA bulletin reads.
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